A study of the reactions of molecular hydrogen with small gold clusters.
- Citation data:
The Journal of chemical physics, ISSN: 0021-9606, Vol: 120, Issue: 11, Page: 5169-75
- Publication Year:
- Repository URL:
- https://works.bepress.com/mark_gordon/286; https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/chem_pubs/442
- Physics and Astronomy; Chemistry; Gold; Hydrogen energy; Dissociation energies; Density functional theory; Charged clusters
This work presents a study of reactions between neutral and negatively charged Au(n) clusters (n=2,3) and molecular hydrogen. The binding energies of the first and second hydrogen molecule to the gold clusters were determined using density functional theory (DFT), second order perturbation theory (MP2) and coupled cluster (CCSD(T)) methods. It is found that molecular hydrogen easily binds to neutral Au(2) and Au(3) clusters with binding energies of 0.55 eV and 0.71 eV, respectively. The barriers to H(2) dissociation on these clusters with respect to Au(n)H(2) complexes are 1.10 eV and 0.59 eV for n=2 and 3. Although negatively charged Au(n) (-) clusters do not bind molecular hydrogen, H(2) dissociation can occur with energy barriers of 0.93 eV for Au(2) (-) and 1.39 eV for Au(3) (-). The energies of the Au(2)H(2) (-) and Au(3)H(2) (-) complexes with dissociated hydrogen molecules are lower than the energies of Au(2) (-)+H(2) and Au(3) (-)+H(2) by 0.49 eV and 0.96 eV, respectively. There is satisfactory agreement between the DFT and CCSD(T) results for binding energies, but the agreement is not as good for barrier heights.