Potential for Meta-Analysis in the Realm of Preharvest Food Safety.

Citation data:

Microbiology spectrum, ISSN: 2165-0497, Vol: 4, Issue: 5

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 8
Downloads 6
Abstract Views 2
Repository URL:
https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/vdpam_pubs/98
PMID:
27780015
DOI:
10.1128/microbiolspec.pfs-0004-2014
Author(s):
Sargeant, Jan M.; O'Connor, Annette M.
Publisher(s):
American Society for Microbiology
Tags:
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Environmental Science; Immunology and Microbiology; Medicine
review description
Meta-analysis, the statistical combination of results from multiple studies, can be used to summarize all of the available research on an intervention, etiology, descriptive, or diagnostic test accuracy question. Meta-analysis should be conducted as a component of a systematic review, to increase transparency in the selection of studies and to incorporate an evaluation of the risk of bias in the individual studies included in the meta-analysis. The process of meta-analysis may include a forest plot to graphically display the study results and the calculation of a weighted average summary effect size. Heterogeneity (differences in the effect size between studies) can be evaluated using formal statistics and the reasons for heterogeneity can be explored using sub-group analysis or meta-regression. Thus, meta-analysis may be a useful methodology for preharvest food safety research to aid in policy or clinical decision-making or to provide input to quantitative risk assessment or other models.