Behavioral momentum in the treatment of escape-motivated stereotypy.

Citation data:

Journal of applied behavior analysis, ISSN: 0021-8855, Vol: 23, Issue: 4, Page: 507-14

Publication Year:
1990
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Citations 104
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Repository URL:
https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/363
PMID:
2074239
DOI:
10.1901/jaba.1990.23-507
PMCID:
PMC1286266
Author(s):
F. Charles Mace; Phillip Belfiore
Publisher(s):
Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior; NSUWorks
Tags:
Psychology; Social Sciences; Arts and Humanities; Behavioral Momentum; Functional Analysis; Basic Research; Stereotyped Behavior; Response Co-variation
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article description
Descriptive and experimental analyses of stereotypy by a woman with severe mental retardation showed that the behavior was maintained by escape from demands. A sequence of high-probability requests issued immediately prior to a task-related request established a momentum of compliance that increased compliance with task-related demands. Increases in compliance were accompanied by collateral reductions in stereotypic behavior. A mechanism of response covariation, called functional incompatibility, and an animal analogue study for testing the validity of this mechanism are proposed.