An Examination of Memory in Children with Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Depressive Symptoms

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Constance, Jordan Marie
ADHD; Canonical Correlation; Children; Depression; Memory
thesis / dissertation description
The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationships between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, depression, and memory impairment in children. It was hypothesized that level of inattention would negatively correlated with performance on measures of visual-spatial short-term memory and verbal memory. Children with greater levels of depressive symptoms were predicted to perform more poorly than less depressed peers on effortful measures of verbal and visual short-term memory, measures of verbal working memory, and measures of verbal long-term memory recall. Results indicated that impaired performance on one measure of visual-spatial short-term memory was related to increased levels of inattention and depression. Impairments were found on measures of verbal long-term memory recall and recognition related to greater attention problems, hyperactivity, and depressive symptoms. These deficits remained significantly related to inattention and hyperactivity beyond a deficit in encoding verbal material.