Characteristics of Cannabis-Only and Other Drug Users Who Visit the Emergency Department.

Citation data:

Cannabis and cannabinoid research, ISSN: 2378-8763, Vol: 1, Issue: 1, Page: 149-153

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 17
Downloads 15
Abstract Views 2
Captures 11
Readers 11
Social Media 19
Tweets 19
Citations 2
Citation Indexes 2
Repository URL:
https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/psy_fac/23
PMID:
27689138
DOI:
10.1089/can.2016.0012
PMCID:
PMC4989480
Author(s):
Woodruff, Susan I.; McCabe, Cameron T.; Hohman, Melinda; Clapp, John D.; Shillington, Audrey M.; Eisenberg, Kimberly; Sise, C. Beth; Castillo, Edward M.; Chan, Theodore C.; Sise, Michael J.
Publisher(s):
Mary Ann Liebert Inc
Tags:
Drug abuse; Cannabis; Health Psychology
Most Recent Tweet View All Tweets
article description
Emergency department (ED) settings have gained interest as venues for illegal drug misuse prevention and intervention, with researchers and practitioners attempting to capitalize on the intersection of need and opportunity within these settings. This study of 686 adult patients visiting two EDs for various reasons who admitted drug use compared daily cannabis-only users, nondaily cannabis-only users, and other drug users on sociodemographic and drug-related severity outcomes. The three drug use groups did not differ on most sociodemographic factors or medical problem severity scores. Forty-five percent of the sample was identified as having a drug use problem. ED patients who used drugs other than cannabis were at particular risk for high drug use severity indicators and concomitant problems such as psychiatric problems and alcohol use severity. However, 19-29% of cannabis-only users were identified as having problematic drug use. Furthermore, daily cannabis-only users fared less well than nondaily cannabis users with regard to drug use severity indicators and self-efficacy for avoiding drug use. Results may assist emergency medicine providers and medical social workers in matching patients to appropriate intervention. For example, users of drugs other than cannabis (and perhaps heavy, daily cannabis-only users) may need referral to specialty services for further assessment. Enhancement of motivation and self-efficacy beliefs could be an important target of prevention and treatment for cannabis-only users screened in the ED.