A biblical defense of particular redemption
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- 53331172; Calvinism; Atonement
Although both views are completely orthodox in the Christian faith, I feel that the Reformed monergistic view of particular redemption is the most consistent concept and doctrine of Biblical theology. Particular redemption has fallen on hard times in the modern evangelical church in America. All Roman Catholic theologians, Arminian Protestant theologians, and some Protestant Reformed theologians are accusing that particular redemption is not a Biblical doctrine that can be discovered through careful exegesis, but it is a scholastic doctrine that was developed as a result of a rationalist argument from Calvinist that if God elected a particular people to salvation then it would only make sense that Jesus died for them alone. They are challenging that doctrine by trying to build a Biblical argument that the weight of the Bible points to the fact that God loves all human beings equally and that Jesus Christ unequivocally died for all of them. They will appeal to such passages like "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life,” "and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.”2 There are many other passages that they use to support universal atonement, but needless to say they try to build an impenetrable Biblical defense that God sent His Son to die for all men exhaustively, while trying to destroy the concept that God accomplished redemption for His particular elect people. One must take those Biblical passages seriously while building their theology of the atonement, but I must say that I think one can exegete those passages in another light other than universal atonement. Before I give my exegesis of those two passages I want to explore the Old Testament in which I think of passages and chapters in Israel's history that gives the strongest Biblical defense that God has an elect people, and He has provided a particular redemption for them.