Implementing routine HIV testing: the role of state law.

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PloS one, ISSN: 1932-6203, Vol: 2, Issue: 10, Page: e1005

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10.1371/journal.pone.0001005; 10.1371/journal.pone.0001005.t001
PMC1994587; 1994587
Leslie E. Wolf; Alexis Donoghoe; Tim Lane; Beatriz Grinsztejn
Public Library of Science (PLoS); Figshare
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Agricultural and Biological Sciences; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Health Care; State Law; Computational Biology; Medicine; Information And Computing Sciences; disclosed; pretest; informed; hiv; Health Law and Policy; Law; Sexuality and the Law; State and Local Government Law
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In September 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended routine HIV testing for all Americans aged 13-64, which would eliminate requirements for written consent and pretest counseling as previously required. However, this approach may conflict with state requirements concerning pretest counseling and informed consent for HIV testing. Our survey of state HIV testing laws demonstrates that the majority of states have HIV testing requirements that are inconsistent with the CDC's recommendations. Moreover, states that have recently amended their laws have not eased the requirements for pretest counseling and informed consent. The reasons for the persistence of these legal requirements must be understood to effect policy changes to increase HIV testing.