Economic Development

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The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Page: 173-174

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Erickson, Clark L
Anthropology; Archaeological Anthropology; Growth and Development; Social and Behavioral Sciences; Social and Cultural Anthropology; Work, Economy and Organizations
book chapter description
The earth's landscapes have a long history of intensive use by indigenous peoples and small farmers. These peoples have utilized agricultural technologies that permit them to make a living from what is often considered to be marginal farmland, despite pressures from the world economy, urbanism, civil unrest, and top heavy national development. Indigenous knowledge systems can provide models for sustainable uses of landscapes and a viable alternative to the economic development commonly promoted by national and international institutions.