The role of obesity in the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987), ISSN: 2047-9018, Vol: 31, Issue: 22, Page: 59-71

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Cloete, Linda; Mitchell, Brett G; Morton, Darren
RCN Publishing Ltd.; RCN Publishing Company Limited
diabetes; diabetes mellitus; insulin resistance; obesity; pathophysiology; type 2 diabetes; Medicine and Health Sciences; CPD
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article description
The onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, including lifestyle factors. Obesity is the principal lifestyle factor associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is essential for nurses to have an understanding of the pathophysiology associated with factors that contribute to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, particularly those associated with obesity. Nurses who have an understanding of the interaction between obesity and the onset of type 2 diabetes are better equipped to discuss the importance of weight loss and other necessary lifestyle adjustments in the prevention and management of obesity and diabetes associated with obesity, to implement evidence-based practice and to support patients to manage their health effectively.