Oral health and dental well-being: Testing a self-determination theory model

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Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN: 0021-9029, Vol: 43, Issue: 2, Page: 275-292

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Münster Halvari, Anne E.; Halvari, Hallgeir; Bjørnebekk, Gunnar; Deci, Edward L.
Psychology; Medicine and Health Sciences
article description
This study tested a self-determination theory (SDT) process model of oral health and subjective dental well-being. The results showed that: (1) patients' perceptions of autonomy-supportive dental professionals were significantly positively predictive of patients' psychological needs satisfaction in treatment; (2) needs satisfaction was significantly related to perceived dental competence (positive), autonomous motivation (positive), and controlled motivation (negative) for dental care; (3) perceived competence was significantly positively, and controlled motivation was significantly negatively associated with self-rated oral health and oral-health-related quality of life; (4) autonomous motivation for dental treatment was significantly positively associated with valuing continued dental treatment; and (5) the three oral-health-related variables were all significantly positively linked to subjective dental well-being. A structural equation model supported the SDT process model. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.