Profiling of cardio-metabolic risk factors and medication utilisation among Type II diabetes patients in Ghana: a prospective cohort study.

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Clinical and translational medicine, ISSN: 2001-1326, Vol: 6, Issue: 1, Page: 32

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Adua, Eric; Roberts, Peter; Sakyi, Samuel Asamoah; Yeboah, Francis Agyemang; Dompreh, Albert; Frimpong, Kwasi; Anto, Enoch Odame; Wang, Wei
Springer Nature; Springer
Type II diabetes mellitus; Hypertension; Anti-diabetic medications; Risk factors; Ghana; Medicine and Health Sciences
article description
Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is complicated by multiple cardio-metabolic risk factors. Controlling these factors requires lifestyle modifications alongside utilisation of anti-diabetic medications. Different glucose lowering [(biguanides (BIGs), sulfonylureas (SUAs), thiazolidinediones (TNZ)], lipid lowering (statins), and anti-hypertensive medicines [angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), calcium channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) and central acting drugs (CADs)] have been approved for controlling hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia and hypertension respectively. Here, we examined factors that characterise T2DM and explored the response to medication therapy among T2DM patients.