The feasibility study and characterization of a two-dimensional diode array in "magic phantom" for high dose rate brachytherapy quality assurance.

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Medical physics, ISSN: 2473-4209, Vol: 40, Issue: 11, Page: 111702

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Espinoza, A; Beeksma, B; Petasecca, M; Fuduli, I; Porumb, C; Cutajar, D L; Corde, S; Jackson, M A; Lerch, M LF; Rosenfeld, Anatoly B.
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Medicine; array; magic; phantom; high; dose; rate; brachytherapy; quality; study; characterisation; two; dimensional; feasibility; diode; assurance; Engineering; Science and Technology Studies
article description
High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a radiation treatment technique capable of delivering large dose rates to the tumor. Radiation is delivered using remote afterloaders to drive highly active sources (commonly (192)Ir with an air KERMA strength range between 20,000 and 40,000 U, where 1 U = 1 μGy m(2)/h in air) through applicators directly into the patient's prescribed region of treatment. Due to the obvious ramifications of incorrect treatment while using such an active source, it is essential that there are methods for quality assurance (QA) that can directly and accurately verify the treatment plan and the functionality of the remote afterloader. This paper describes the feasibility study of a QA system for HDR brachytherapy using a phantom based two-dimensional 11 × 11 epitaxial diode array, named "magic phantom."