Nitric oxide synthase in the olfactory mucosa of the larval sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus).

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The Journal of comparative neurology, ISSN: 0021-9967, Vol: 365, Issue: 1, Page: 18-26

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10.1002/(sici)1096-9861(19960129)365:1&lt;18::aid-cne2&gt;;2-m; 10.1002/(sici)1096-9861(19960129)365:1<18::aid-cne2>;2-m
Zielinski, Barbara S.; Osahan, Jasbir K.; Hara, Toshiaki J.; Hosseini, Mansour; Wong, Ella
Wiley; Wiley-Blackwell
Neuroscience; Biology; Life Sciences
article description
The use of nitric oxide, a product of enzymatic reduction of L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase, as a modulator of processes within the olfactory mucosa was investigated in larval sea lampreys, extant fish of ancient vertebrate origin. In the present study, we demonstrated that the sea lamprey olfactory mucosa is specifically sensitive to L-arginine, that the L-arginine responses are inhibited by an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, N omega-nitro-L-arginine, and that nitric oxide synthase is present in olfactory receptor cells, sustentacular cells, and basal cells. Electron microscopic examination using NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry revealed intense labeling within secretory vesicles of sustentacular cells and in proximity to mitochondria within olfactory receptor cell dendrites and sustentacular cells. At the base of the olfactory epithelium, NADPH-diaphorase staining was intense in the perinuclear cytoplasm of a subpopulation of basal cells, moderate in sustentacular cell foot processes, and scattered in olfactory receptor cell axons. Throughout axons in the olfactory epithelium and the lamina propria, labeling predominated in axonal profiles with mitochondria. These physiological and ultrastructural studies imply that in sea lamprey larvae, nitric oxide modulates peri-receptor events of L-arginine chemostimulation, olfactory receptor cell axonal activity, and developmental processes.