Minimally Invasive Management of Low-Grade and Benign Gastric Tumors.

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Surgical endoscopy, Vol: 11, Issue: 11, Page: 1084-1087

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Buyske, Jo; McDonald, M; Fernandez, C; Munson, J L; Sanders, L E; Tsao, J; Birkett, D H
Adult; Aged; Female; Gastrectomy; Humans; Leiomyoma; Leiomyosarcoma; Lipoma; Lymphoma; Male; Middle Aged; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; Stomach Neoplasms; Tomography; X-Ray Computed; Treatment Outcome; Medicine and Health Sciences; Other Medical Specialties; Surgery; Trauma
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BACKGROUND: Benign gastric tumors and tumors of low-grade malignancy can be safely removed laparoscopically.METHODS: Seven patients were considered candidates for laparoscopic resection of gastric tumors. Inclusion criteria included small tumor size (less than 6 cm), exophytic or endophytic tumor morphology, and benign characteristics. Indications for surgical intervention included bleeding, weight loss, and need for tissue diagnosis. Patients ranged in age from 38 to 70. There were five female and two male patients. All patients underwent preoperative upper GI endoscopy. The procedures were performed using a four- or five-port technique. An Endo-GIA (US Surgical Company, Norwalk, Connecticut) was used to amputate those tumors located on the serosal surface of the stomach. Tumors on the mucosal surface were exposed via a gastrotomy, then likewise amputated using an Endo-GIA. The gastrotomy closure was then either hand sewn or stapled. Operating time ranged from 95 to 225 min.RESULTS: Final pathologic diagnoses included lipoma, lymphoma, leiomyoma, and leiomyosarcoma. There was a 28% conversion rate. There were no complications. Length of postoperative stay ranged from 4 to 7 days. There have been no tumor recurrences in 6-38-month follow-up.CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive management of benign and low-grade gastric tumors can be performed safely with excellent short- and long-term results.