Examining Intrinsic Motivation and Holistic Functioning: The Role of Therapeutic Recreation in Residential Substance Use Treatment

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Brigham Young University

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https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/etd/6137; https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7137&context=etd
Cavanaugh, Damien Christopher
Brigham Young University
recreation therapy; substance use; motivation; holistic functioning; Recreation Business
thesis / dissertation description
This evaluative study examined the impact of recreational therapy interventions on intrinsic motivation and holistic functioning among adults at a substance use treatment facility. West (2001) identified motivation as a key variable in treating substance use disorders, and self-determination theory, specifically intrinsic motivation, provided a useful framework for this study. Intrinsic motivation is grounded in self-determination theory and defines various motivation types and how to increase participants' engagement. Holistic functioning is another tool in assessing a participant's recovery. For this evaluation, four domains were specifically assessed: (a) physical, (b) leisure, (c) social, and (d) daily living functioning. These quality of life components are affected heavily during prolonged substance use. Results suggest that recreational therapy interventions utilizing a self-determination framework improves participants' intrinsic motivation and holistic functioning in a substance use treatment setting.