A Nearest-Neighbour Surrogate Model for the Simulation of Rainwater Tanks

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https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/iemssconference/2012/Stream-B/151; https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1800&context=iemssconference
Dugge, J.; Pedruco, P.; Hardy, M. J.
rainwater tanks; upscaling; surrogate modelling
artifact description
Mathematical modelling of decentralised water supply options requires a finertemporal resolution than models of centralised regional systems. To avoid having to runa coarse scale model with the timestep needed for the fine scale model, the latter can beupscaled to a larger timestep. One way of doing this is to use a surrogate model.This paper presents a nearest-neighbour surrogate model for upscaling a detailed clusterscale urban water model from a sub-daily to a monthly time scale. The approach consistsof running a detailed cluster model with a fine temporal resolution using a historicalrainfall timeseries, adjusting the daily rainfall values by clipping peaks and assigning rainfalloccurring near the end of a month to the following month, and then aggregating theoutput and corrected input timeseries to monthly timesteps. This set of monthly valuesis then used as a surrogate model in subsequent simulations, using nearest-neighboursampling to select an appropriate output value for a given monthly rainfall.It was found that the surrogate model performs well in emulating the detailed model at amonthly timestep, producing a good model fit and succeeding in reproducing autocorrelationwhile running faster than the detailed model by several orders of magnitude.