DISPOSITIONAL MINDFULNESS IN PEOPLE DIAGNOSED WITH CANCER: THE RELATIONSHIP TO DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AND WELL-BEING

Publication Year:
2012
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Repository URL:
https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/2665
Author(s):
Kersting, Karen
Tags:
cancer; mindfulness; coping; depressive symptoms; depression; dispositional mindfulness; Counseling Psychology; Psychology; Social and Behavioral Sciences
thesis / dissertation description
Coping with a cancer diagnosis is known to be a stressful experience that can be related to declines in personal well-being and increases in distress. Dispositional mindfulness is known to be related to depressive symptoms and well-being. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and experiences of depressive symptoms and well-being in people recently diagnosed with cancer. Seventy-four participants who were diagnosed with cancer in the last 12 months completed an initial self-report survey, and 43 of those completed another survey 3 months later. Cross-sectional regression analysis showed that higher levels of mindfulness were related to fewer depressive symptoms, less use of avoidant coping, and more experiences of positive affect at baseline, but not related to positive reappraisal coping at baseline. Longitudinal regression analyses showed no significant relationship between mindfulness at baseline and depressive symptoms, experiences of positive affect, positive reappraisal coping, or avoidant coping 3 months later, after controlling for the dependent variable at baseline. Additionally, cross-lagged analysis indicated no evidence of a causal relationship between mindfulness at baseline and the dependent variables 3 months later.