Using social stories to teach on-task behavior and participation skills with children on the autism spectrum

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Washburn, Melanie
Psychology; Social disorder; Social stories
thesis / dissertation description
Social stories are written and individually tailored to provide individuals with autism with accurate social information to address their deficit areas (Gray, 2000). The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a social story intervention in increasing socially desirable behavior with two young boys diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The following dependent variables were considered: (la) body and eye contact, (lb) staying on the topic, and (2) disruptive and perseverative behavior in the classroom. For both participants, there was an increase in social appropriate behavior and a decrease in disruptive behavior over the course of eight weeks as measured by an ABAB design. While the intervention appeared effective in improving body and eye contact, staying on the topic, and disruptive behavior, overall it appeared that the social stories did not cause the change in the behavior. That is, the changes in behavior did not coincide with the presentation and removal of the story.