Relaxation patterns of endlinking polydimethylsiloxane near the gel point
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Polymer Bulletin, ISSN: 0170-0839, Vol: 40, Issue: 2-3, Page: 267-274
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- Chemistry; Physics and Astronomy; Materials Science
While the rheological behavior at the gel point (GP) itself is well known, many questions remain about the approach to the gel point (from either side). For studying this phenomenon, rhelogical experiments were performed on crosslinked polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS) and characteristic patterns in the relaxation behavior were abstracted into a phenomenological model for the relaxation time spectrum. The well known power law with slope -n and cutoff at the longest relaxation time λgoverns the relaxation near the gel point. Beyond the gel point, an additional box-like contribution appears in the spectrum. The relaxation exponent n decreases with increasing extent of crosslinking. The longest relaxation time λand equilibrium modulus Gshow power-law scaling with the distance from the gel point, |p - p|. For samples with imbalanced stoichiometric ratios r≥1, the function n(p-p) is independent of r. Samples with strong crosslinker deficiency (r=0.5) exhibit a different functional form for n(p- p) from those with r≥1. The power law relaxation with decreasing n in the terminal zone was found previously for a different crosslinking system. It seems to be a common pattern for partially crosslinked materials from polymeric precursors.