Paired-Associates Learning of Random Shapes and Concrete Nouns of Two Levels of Descriptive Appropriateness

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Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, Vol: 72, Issue: 1, Page: 372-378

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Leonard, Mary J. Catherine; Lewis, Don
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Forty college students learned a 12-item list of paired-associates with random shapes as stimuli and concrete nouns as responses. The nouns had been rated high, medium, and low in descriptive appropriateness (da). The pairs were presented either black on white, or white on black, with half the Ss assigned to each condition. Learning was significantly faster for pairs containing nouns with high da values and for the black on white mode of presentation.