The Relationship Between Juvenile Sex Offender Registration and Depression in Adulthood

Citation data:

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Publication Year:
2016
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Repository URL:
https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/dissertations/1883; https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2986&context=dissertations
Author(s):
Denniston, Sharon E.
Publisher(s):
ScholarWorks
Tags:
Consequences; Depression; Juvenile Sex Offender; Purposive Social Action; Secondary Deviance; Sex Offender Registration and Notification; Criminology; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Public Policy; Sociology
thesis / dissertation description
Accounts of sexual abuse appear daily in the media. Rightfully, this issue demands attention. Juveniles may be victims; they may also be offenders who are subject to sex offender registration and notification (SORN) policies. Growing research finds that SORN policies fail to achieve intended public policy outcomes. Little is known, however, about the unintended consequences of SORN for juvenile offenders. This study contributed to a more comprehensive understanding of the effects of these policies on this population. Merton's concept of manifest and latent functions of purposive social action and an alternate non-criminogenic form of Lemert's secondary deviance proposition provided the theoretical framework. Research questions focused on whether a relationship exists between sex offender registration for a juvenile offense and severity of depression in current and former registrants after maturation into adulthood, and whether the relationship persists. A quantitative causal-comparative study was conducted using self-reported survey data from a non-probability sample of 59 registrants. Multiple regression analysis found SORN had a significant positive predictive relationship to severity of depression in adults currently registering for a juvenile offense as compared to former registrants, and the control group of those never registered, as measured by the Public Health Questionaire-9. A significant persistent depressive effect was not found in former registrants. Findings validate concerns that SORN may have iatrogenic effects for juvenile offenders; these findings also suggest that alternate, non-criminogenic forms of secondary deviancy appear to be associated with this policy. This understanding of the net effects of SORN informs policy decision makers and has social change implications for future sexual abuse prevention policies that may have greater likelihood of efficacy.