Using Group Psychotherapy for Enhancing Late Adolescent Selfconcept: Comparing the Effects of Hypnosis and Rational-Emotive Therapy

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Buldas, James J.
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether university students, classified as late adolescents, could enhance their self-concept as measured by the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS) Total Positive Score. Seven hypotheses which stated the null relationship between self-concept enhancement and the treatment modalities of hypnosis and rational-emotive therapy, when compared over an eight week period of time were derived. A review of the literature showed that the belief that low self-concept is etiologic in psychopathology is widespread in the clinical literature.A sample of university students enrolled in Psychology 100 (N = 54) were pre, post and follow-up tested using the TSCS, specific reference made to the Total Positive Score. The data were analyzed by a parametric statistical technique, the ANCOVA test of significance. Seven null hypotheses were validly analyzed for statistical significance. Each of the seven hypotheses was not rejected: self-concept scores of late adolescent subjects were not significantly enhanced after eight exposures of group psychotherapy with hypnosis or rational-emotive therapy. Reliability coefficients were similar to those found in the TSCS standardization. Also, results were consistent with the clinical literature that self-concept is a relatively stable formation.Conclusions reached were suggestive of inappropriate subject selection and duration of treatment exposure. Also, issues of experimenter effectiveness were derived. Recommendations for future research were proposed.