Hydrodynamics of liquids of arbitrarily curved flux lines and vortex loops

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Physical Review B, ISSN: 0163-1829, Vol: 64, Issue: 5, Page: 0545181-0545189

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Benetatos, Panayotis; Marchetti, M. Cristina
American Physical Society (APS)
Materials Science; Physics and Astronomy; condensed matter; superconductivity; Physics
article description
We derive a hydrodynamic model for a liquid of arbitrarily curved flux lines and vortex loops using the mapping of the vortex liquid onto a liquid of relativistic charged quantum bosons in 2 + 1 dimensions recently suggested by Tešanović and by Sudbø. and collaborators. The loops in the flux-line system correspond to particle-antiparticle fluctuations in the bosons. We explicitly incorporate the externally applied magnetic field which in the boson model corresponds to a chemical potential associated with the conserved charge density of the bosons. We propose this model as a convenient and physically appealing starting point for studying the properties of the vortex liquid.