Meditation acutely improves psychomotor vigilance, and may decrease sleep need.

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Behavioral and brain functions : BBF, ISSN: 1744-9081, Vol: 6, Page: 47

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Kaul, Prashant; Passafiume, Jason; Sargent, Craig R.; O'Hara, Bruce F.
Neuroscience; Medicine; Actigraphy; Adult; Cross-Over Studies; Female; Humans; India; Male; Medical Records; Meditation; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Psychomotor Performance; Reaction Time; Sleep; Sleep Deprivation; Time Factors; Young Adult; Biology
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A number of benefits from meditation have been claimed by those who practice various traditions, but few have been well tested in scientifically controlled studies. Among these claims are improved performance and decreased sleep need. Therefore, in these studies we assess whether meditation leads to an immediate performance improvement on a well validated psychomotor vigilance task (PVT), and second, whether longer bouts of meditation may alter sleep need.