Conspiracy Theories

Citation data:

SSRN Electronic Journal

Publication Year:
2008
Usage 258760
Abstract Views 215258
Downloads 41291
Clicks 2211
Captures 602
Readers 458
Exports-Saves 113
Bookmarks 31
Mentions 14
Comments 8
News Mentions 3
References 2
Blog Mentions 1
Social Media 2595
Shares, Likes & Comments 2416
Tweets 179
Citations 3
Citation Indexes 3
Ratings
Reddit 43
SSRN
SSRN Id:
1084585
DOI:
10.2139/ssrn.1084585
Author(s):
Cass R. Sunstein; Adrian Vermeule
Publisher(s):
Elsevier BV
Tags:
2008; politics; information; conspiracy; theories; harvard; liberal; sunstein; government; 911; conspiracy theories; social networks; informational cascades; group polarization
Most Recent Tweet View All Tweets
Most Recent Blog Mention
Most Recent News Mention
article description
Many millions of people hold conspiracy theories; they believe that powerful people have worked together in order to withhold the truth about some important practice or some terrible event. A recent example is the belief, widespread in some parts of the world, that the attacks of 9/11 were carried out not by Al Qaeda, but by Israel or the United States. Those who subscribe to conspiracy theories may create serious risks, including risks of violence, and the existence of such theories raises significant challenges for policy and law. The first challenge is to understand the mechanisms by which conspiracy theories prosper; the second challenge is to understand how such theories might be undermined. Such theories typically spread as a result of identifiable cognitive blunders, operating in conjunction with informational and reputational influences. A distinctive feature of conspiracy theories is their self-sealing quality. Conspiracy theorists are not likely to be persuaded by an attempt to dispel their theories; they may even characterize that very attempt as further proof of the conspiracy. Because those who hold conspiracy theories typically suffer from a crippled epistemology, in accordance with which it is rational to hold such theories, the best response consists in cognitive infiltration of extremist groups. Various policy dilemmas, such as the question whether it is better for government to rebut conspiracy theories or to ignore them, are explored in this light.