Lorentz covariance of heat conduction laws and a Lorentz-covariant heat conduction model

Citation data:

Applied Mathematical Modelling, ISSN: 0307-904X, Vol: 40, Issue: 9, Page: 5532-5541

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 60
Abstract Views 60
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DOI:
10.1016/j.apm.2016.01.007
Author(s):
Shu-Nan Li, Bing-Yang Cao
Publisher(s):
Elsevier BV
Tags:
Mathematics
article description
Lorentz covariance is one of the two basic assumptions in relativity and it has considerable universality in nature. Lorentz covariance has been investigated widely in various fields including thermodynamics, but studies of heat conduction remain very limited. In this study, we demonstrate that several typical heat conduction laws, i.e. Fourier's law, the Cattaneo–Vernotte (CV) model, and Jeffery model, are not Lorentz-covariant. Thus, we propose a new heat conduction model that satisfies Lorentz covariance. Compared with the existing heat conduction laws, which are not Lorentz-covariant, this new Lorentz-covariant model can ensure that singularity and violation of the second law of thermodynamics do not apply in any inertial reference system. The CV model and the new model both predict thermal wave phenomena, but the CV model predicts a pure wave whereas the new model predicts a composite of translational motion and a wave. Therefore, the new Lorentz-covariant model makes the features of heat conduction more coherent.

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