“Fluid bearing” effect of enclosed liquids in grooves on drag reduction in microchannels

Citation data:

Physical Review Fluids, ISSN: 2469-990X, Vol: 1, Issue: 8

Publication Year:
2016
Captures 3
Readers 3
DOI:
10.1103/physrevfluids.1.083904
Author(s):
Haosheng Chen; Yang Gao; Howard A. Stone; Jiang Li
Publisher(s):
American Physical Society (APS)
Tags:
Chemical Engineering; Engineering; Mathematics
article description
We report details of the fluid motion formed within and above grooves when a laminar continuous phase fluid flows over a second immiscible fluid enclosed in a grooved microchannel. Vortical structures within the transverse grooves were caused by a slip velocity at the fluid-fluid interface and act as "fluid bearings" on the boundary to lubricate the flow of the continuous phase. We investigated the drag reduction in the laminar flow in the microchannel by measuring slip at the boundaries and calculating an effective slip length, taking into account the influence of the effect of the viscosity ratio of the two fluids on the effective slip length. The "fluid bearing" effect can be used to transport high viscosity fluids using low viscosity fluids trapped in cavities to reduce drag.