Structural, Electrical, and Electrochemical Characteristics of LnBa 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 1.5 Fe 0.5 O 5+ δ (Ln=Pr, Sm, Gd) as Cathode Materials in Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
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Energy Technology, ISSN: 2194-4288, Vol: 5, Issue: 8, Page: 1337-1343
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Layered perovskite oxides have received great attention as prospective cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) because of their high electrical conductivities and fast oxygen kinetics. Herein, we focus on the structural, electrical, and electrochemical properties of layered perovskites LnBaSrCoFeO (LnBSCF, Ln=Pr, Sm, and Gd) as a cathode material for IT-SOFCs. Among the evaluated perovskites, PrBaSrCoFeO (PBSCF) showed the highest electrical conductivity, the highest oxygen content, and the highest values of the oxygen bulk diffusion coefficient (D*) and surface exchange coefficient (k) measured by using isotope oxygen exchange. The composite cathode of PBSCF and gadolinium-doped ceria is the most suitable cathode material for IT-SOFCs among the materials investigated because of its excellent electrochemical properties and fast oxygen kinetics.