Fast-charging high-energy lithium-ion batteries via implantation of amorphous silicon nanolayer in edge-plane activated graphite anodes.

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Nature communications, ISSN: 2041-1723, Vol: 8, Issue: 1, Page: 812

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Kim, Namhyung; Chae, Sujong; Ma, Jiyoung; Ko, Minseong; Cho, Jaephil
Springer Nature
Chemistry; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Physics and Astronomy
article description
As fast-charging lithium-ion batteries turn into increasingly important components in forthcoming applications, various strategies have been devoted to the development of high-rate anodes. However, despite vigorous efforts, the low initial Coulombic efficiency and poor volumetric energy density with insufficient electrode conditions remain critical challenges that have to be addressed. Herein, we demonstrate a hybrid anode via incorporation of a uniformly implanted amorphous silicon nanolayer and edge-site-activated graphite. This architecture succeeds in improving lithium ion transport and minimizing initial capacity losses even with increase in energy density. As a result, the hybrid anode exhibits an exceptional initial Coulombic efficiency (93.8%) and predominant fast-charging behavior with industrial electrode conditions. As a result, a full-cell demonstrates a higher energy density (≥1060 Wh l) without any trace of lithium plating at a harsh charging current density (10.2 mA cm) and 1.5 times faster charging than that of conventional graphite.It is desirable to develop fast-charging batteries retaining high energy density. Here, the authors report a hybrid anode via incorporation of an implanted amorphous silicon nanolayer and edge-plane-activated graphite, which meets both criteria.