Photovoltaic polymers based on difluoroqinoxaline units with deep HOMO levels

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Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN: 1099-0518, Vol: 56, Issue: 14, Page: 1489-1497

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Song, Suhee; Keum, Sangha; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Lee, Jihoon; Kim, Seungmin; Park, Seong Soo; Kim, Jin Young; Park, Sung Heum; Jin, Youngeup
Materials Science; Chemistry; alkyl chain; fluorine atom; polymer; solar cells; synthesis
article description
We report the synthesis of low bandgap polymers with a difluoroquinoxaline unit by Stille polymerization for use in polymer solar cells (PSCs). A new series of copolymers with 2,3-didodecyl-6,7-difluoro quinoxaline as the electron-deficient unit and alkyloxybenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene and thiophene as the electron-rich unit were synthesized. The photovoltaic properties of the devices based on the synthesized polymers revealed that the fluorine atoms at the quinoxaline units aid in decreasing the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy levels; this in turn increased the open circuit voltage of the devices. The polymers with long alkyl chains exhibited good solubility that increased their molecular weight, but the power conversion efficiency was low. Efficient polymer solar cells were fabricated by blending the synthesized copolymers with PCBM, and the PCE increased up to 5.11% under 100 mW cm AM 1.5 illumination. These results demonstrate that the importance of having a control polymer to be synthesized and characterized side by side with the fluorine analogues. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2018, 56, 1489–1497.