Naphthalene diimide-based small molecule acceptors for fullerene-free organic solar cells
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Solar Energy, ISSN: 0038-092X, Vol: 150, Page: 90-95
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- Energy; Materials Science; Naphthalene diimide; Non-fullerene acceptor; Small molecule; Fullerene-free; Organic solar cells
Non-fullerene acceptors have attracted great attention as an alternative to fullerene derivatives to overcome their disadvantages such as limited molecular design due to fullerene moiety, electronic tuning via structural modification, and weak absorption in the visible range. In this work, we design a new class of naphthalenediimide (NDI)-based small molecule acceptors by introducing an NDI central core unit and A-D-A-D-A-type moiety. The NDI-TR is a promising material as an electron acceptor for OSCs because of many advantages including high electron affinity and electron mobility, and well-matched energy levels with polymer donors. The device based on NDI-TR had the highest fill factor (0.69) and power conversion efficiency (3.07%) among fullerene-free organic solar cells with NDI small molecule acceptors. This high device efficiency may be attributed to improved charge transport and minimized bimolecular recombination due to the smooth surface roughness and pronounced face-on orientation of polymer backbones in the bulk heterojunction film.