Rashba-Dresselhaus Effect in Inorganic/Organic Lead Iodide Perovskite Interfaces

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ACS Energy Letters, ISSN: 2380-8195, Vol: 3, Issue: 6, Page: 1294-1300

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http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.05531; http://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/24165
Myung, Chang Woo; Javaid, Saqib; Kim, Kwang S.; Lee, Geunsik
American Chemical Society (ACS); AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Chemistry; Energy; Materials Science; Condensed Matter - Materials Science
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article description
Despite the imperative importance in solar cell efficiency, the intriguing phenomena at the interface between perovskite solar cell and adjacent carrier transfer layers are hardly uncovered. Here we show that PbI/AI-terminated lead iodide perovskite (APbI; A = Cs/ methylammonium (MA)) interfaced with the charge transport medium of graphene or TiO exhibits a sizable/robust Rashba-Dresselhaus (RD) effect using density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations above the cubic-phase temperature. At the PbI-terminated graphene/CsPbI(001) interface, ferroelectric distortion toward graphene facilitates an inversion breaking field. At the MAI-terminated TiO/MAPbI(001) interface, the enrooted alignment of MA toward TiO by short-strong hydrogen bonding and concomitant PbI distortion preserve the RD interactions even above 330 K. The robust RD effect at the interface even at high temperatures, unlike in bulk, changes the direct-type band to indirect-type to suppress recombination of the electron and hole, thereby letting these accumulated carriers overcome the potential barrier between perovskite and charge transfer materials, which promotes the solar cell efficiency.