High-Affinity-Assisted Nanoscale Alloys as Remarkable Bifunctional Catalyst for Alcohol Oxidation and Oxygen Reduction Reactions.

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ACS nano, ISSN: 1936-086X, Vol: 11, Issue: 8, Page: 7729-7735

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Tiwari, Jitendra N.; Lee, Wang Geun; Sultan, Siraj; Yousuf, Muhammad; Harzandi, Ahmad M.; Vij, Varun; Kim, Kwang S.
American Chemical Society (ACS); AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Materials Science; Engineering; Physics and Astronomy; bifunctional catalyst; ethanol oxidation reaction; graphene oxide; methanol oxidation reaction; oxygen reduction reaction; Pt− Pd alloy
article description
A key challenge in developing fuel cells is the fabrication of low-cost electrocatalysts with high activity and long durability for the two half-reactions, i.e., the methanol/ethanol oxidation reaction (MOR/EOR) and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, we report a conductivity-enhanced bifunctional electrocatalyst of nanoscale-coated Pt-Pd alloys on both tin-doped indium (TDI) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), denoted as Pt-Pd@TDI/rGO. The mass activities of Pt in the Pt-Pd@TDI/rGO hybrid toward MOR, EOR, and ORR are 2590, 1500, and 2690 mA/mg, respectively. The ORR Pt specific activity and mass activity of the electrocatalyst are 17 and 28 times larger, respectively, than commercial Pt/C catalysts. All these remarkable catalytic performances are attributed to the role of TDI in enhancing the catalytic activity by protecting Pt from oxidation as well as rapid mass/charge transfer due to the synergistic effect between surface Pt-Pd alloys and TDI/rGO.