OGA heterozygosity suppresses intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(min/+) mice.
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Oncogenesis, ISSN: 2157-9024, Vol: 3, Issue: 7, Page: e109
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- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; O-GLCNAC TRANSFERASE; BETA-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE; PROSTATE-CANCER CELLS; GLCNACYLATION; METASTASIS; STABILITY; CATENIN; PHOSPHORYLATION; TRANSCRIPTION; LOCALIZATION
Emerging evidence suggests that aberrant O-GlcNAcylation is associated with tumorigenesis. Many oncogenic factors are O-GlcNAcylated, which modulates their functions. However, it remains unclear how O-GlcNAcylation and O-GlcNAc cycling enzymes, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA), affect the development of cancer in animal models. In this study, we show that reduced level of OGA attenuates colorectal tumorigenesis induced by Adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) mutation. The levels of O-GlcNAcylation and O-GlcNAc cycling enzymes were simultaneously upregulated in intestinal adenomas from mice, and in human patients. In two independent microarray data sets, the expression of OGA and OGT was significantly associated with poor cancer-specific survival of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. In addition, OGA heterozygosity, which results in increased levels of O-GlcNAcylation, attenuated intestinal tumor formation in the Apc(min/+) background. Apc(min/+) OGA(+/-) mice exhibited a significantly increased survival rate compared with Apc(min/+) mice. Consistent with this, Apc(min/+) OGA(+/-) mice expressed lower levels of Wnt target genes than Apc(min/+). However, the knockout of OGA did not affect Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Overall, these findings suggest that OGA is crucial for tumor growth in CRC independently of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.