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- Chemistry; Energy; Materials Science
The development of two-dimensional (2D) high-performance electrode materials is the key to new advances in the fields of energy conversion and storage. MXenes, a new intriguing family of 2D transition metal carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides, have recently received considerable attention due to their unique combination of properties such as high electrical conductivity, hydrophilic nature, excellent thermal stability, large interlayer spacing, easily tunable structure, and high surface area. In this review, we discuss how 2D MXenes have emerged as efficient and economical nanomaterials for future energy applications. We highlight the promising potential of these materials in energy conversion and storage applications, such as water electrolyzers, lithium ion batteries, and supercapacitors. Finally, we present an outlook of the future development of MXenes for sustainable energy technologies.