Tactic, reactive, and functional droplets outside of equilibrium.

Citation data:

Chemical Society reviews, ISSN: 1460-4744, Vol: 45, Issue: 17, Page: 4766-96

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 11
Abstract Views 10
Link-outs 1
Captures 66
Readers 66
Social Media 11
Tweets 11
Citations 20
Citation Indexes 20
Repository URL:
http://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/20425
PMID:
27293207
DOI:
10.1039/c6cs00242k
Author(s):
Lach, Sławomir; Yoon, Seok Min; Grzybowski, Bartosz A.
Publisher(s):
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC); The Royal Society of Chemistry; ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Tags:
Chemistry
Most Recent Tweet View All Tweets
review description
Under non-equilibrium conditions, liquid droplets coupled to their environment by sustained flows of matter and/or energy can become "active" systems capable of various life-like functions. When "fueled" by even simple chemical reactions, such droplets can become tactic and can perform "intelligent" tasks such as maze solving. With more complex chemistries, droplets can support basic forms of metabolism, grow, self-replicate, and exhibit evolutionary changes akin to biological cells. There are also first exciting examples of active droplets connected into larger, tissue-like systems supporting droplet-to-droplet communication, and giving rise to collective material properties. As practical applications of droplets also begin to appear (e.g., in single-cell diagnostics, new methods of electricity generation, optofluidics, or sensors), it appears timely to review and systematize progress in this highly interdisciplinary area of chemical research, and also think about the avenues (and the roadblocks) for future work.