Interplay between many body effects and Coulomb screening in the optical bandgap of atomically thin MoS.

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Nanoscale, ISSN: 2040-3372, Vol: 9, Issue: 30, Page: 10647-10652

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Park, Youngsin; Han, Sang Wook; Chan, Christopher C. S.; Reid, Benjamin P. L.; Taylor, Robert A.; Kim, Nammee; Jo, Yongcheol; Im, Hyunsik; Kim, Kwang S.
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC); The Royal Society of Chemistry; ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Materials Science
article description
Due to its unique layer-number dependent electronic band structure and strong excitonic features, atomically thin MoS is an ideal 2D system where intriguing photoexcited-carrier-induced phenomena can be detected in excitonic luminescence. We perform micro-photoluminescence (PL) measurements and observe that the PL peak redshifts nonlinearly in mono- and bi-layer MoS as the excitation power is increased. The excited carrier-induced optical bandgap shrinkage is found to be proportional to n, where n is the optically-induced free carrier density. The large exponent value of 4/3 is explicitly distinguished from a typical value of 1/3 in various semiconductor quantum well systems. The peculiar n dependent optical bandgap redshift may be due to the interplay between bandgap renormalization and reduced exciton binding energy.