Gene-set approach for expression pattern analysis.
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Briefings in bioinformatics, ISSN: 1477-4054, Vol: 9, Issue: 3, Page: 189-97
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- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Computer Science; Differential expression of genes; DNA microarray; Gene set analysis
Recently developed gene set analysis methods evaluate differential expression patterns of gene groups instead of those of individual genes. This approach especially targets gene groups whose constituents show subtle but coordinated expression changes, which might not be detected by the usual individual gene analysis. The approach has been quite successful in deriving new information from expression data, and a number of methods and tools have been developed intensively in recent years. We review those methods and currently available tools, classify them according to the statistical methods employed, and discuss their pros and cons. We also discuss several interesting extensions to the methods.