A Multilevel Class-D CMOS Power Amplifier for an Out-Phasing Transmitter With a Nonisolated Power Combiner

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, ISSN: 1549-7747, Vol: 63, Issue: 7, Page: 618-622

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Hur, Joonhoi; Kim, Hyoungsoo; Lee, Ockgoo; Kim, Kwan-Woo; Bien, Franklin; Lim, Kyutae; Lee, Chang Ho; Laskar, Joy
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Engineering; Class-D power amplifier (PA); complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS); linear amplifier with nonlinear components (LINC); nonisolated power combiner; PA
article description
This brief presents a nonisolated multilevel linear amplifier with nonlinear component (LINC) power amplifier (PA) implemented in a standard 0.18-μm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor process. Using a nonisolated power combiner, the overall power efficiency is increased by reducing the wasted power at the combined out-phased signal; however, the efficiency at low power still needs to be improved. To further improve the efficiency of the low-power (LP) mode, we propose a multiple-outputpower-level LINC PA, with load modulation implemented by switches. In addition, analysis of the proposed design on the system level as well as the circuit level was performed to optimize its performance. The measurement results demonstrate that the proposed technique maintains more than 45% power-added efficiency (PAE) for peak power at 21 dB for the high-power mode and 17 dBm for the LP mode at 600 MHz. The PAE for a 6-dB peak-to-average ratio orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing modulated signal is higher than 24% PAE in both power modes. To the authors' knowledge, the proposed output-phasing PA is the first implemented multilevel LINC PA that uses quarter-wave lines without multiple power supply sources.