Generation and Validation of Topological Charges of High-Power Gyrotron Orbital Angular Momentum Beams From Phase Retrieval Algorithm

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IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, ISSN: 2156-342X, Vol: 7, Issue: 2, Page: 164-171

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Sawant, Ashwini; Yu, Dongho; Kim, Dongsung; Choe, Mun Seok; Choi, EunMi
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Physics and Astronomy; Engineering; Gyrotron; orbital angular momentum (OAM); phase retrieval; vortex beams
article description
We present a phase coefficient optimization technique for determining the vortex charge of a high-power orbital angular momentum beam. This high-power vortex beam is generated by transmitting a Gaussian-like beam emitted by a gyrotron with an output power of 25 kW through a spiral phase plate (SPP), which introduces a vorticity at the center of the beam characterized by the geometrical parameters of the SPP. One rigorous, intensity-measurement-based, phase retrieval technique, known as the Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm, does not converge to a correct solution because of the presence of a phase singularity in the high-power vortex beam. Here, we introduce a new phase retrieval algorithm that chooses an appropriate initial phase estimate. This technique yields successful vortex charge determination for both low- and high-power vortex beams. The retrieved intensity profiles show 99.51% and 99.27% intensity regeneration at measurement planes with optimized initial phase estimates for the low- and high-power beams, respectively.