Preparación prequirúrgica de la piel con clorhexidina al 2% como factor de prevención de la infección en el sitio quirúrgico

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Enfermería actual de Costa Rica, ISSN: 1409-4568, Vol: 0, Issue: 26

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Solano Castro, Evelyn
Universidad de Costa Rica; Universidade de Costa Rica
cirugía-cardíaca; gluconato-de-clorhexidina-2%; infecciones-del-sitio-quirúrgico; preparaciónprequirúrgica- de-la-piel
article description
The results of secondary research that refers to preoperative skin preparation with antiseptic chlorhexidine 2% are presented. Surgical Site Infections are one of the most common complications in surgical procedures are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the user and are the third -associated infection more frequent in the health care . Steps of clinical practice based on evidence were applied, considering in the first instance a question in PICO format, then a search for information in databases recommended in the Course of Clinical Nursing Practice Evidence-Based, taught by the program for Collaborative Research in Evidence-Based Nursing of Costa Rica ( CIEBE -CR ). The PubMed database and Cochrane LIBRARY was consulted, National Center for Biotechnology Information ( NCBI), Google Scholar, CINAHL (cummulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature). SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library on line . 22 documents were recovered, but only three were selected because had methodological rigor. For the critical analysis Critical Reading Sheets 2.0 ( FLC) software was used. Was concluded that 2% chlorhexidine, is the best choice for preoperative skin preparation antiseptic, however, it is necessary to conduct further studies in order to determine which is the correct way in strength, frequency, technical and adverse effects in the pediatric population.