Why peace processes fail or move forward? Negotiations in Colombia with FARC and AUC (1998-2003)

Citation data:

UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN, No: 003781

Publication Year:
2003
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Repository URL:
http://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/10887
RePec URLs:
https://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000091/003781.html
Author(s):
Villaveces-Niño, Marta-Juanita; Villaveces, Juanita
Publisher(s):
Universidad del Rosario. Facultad de Economía; Facultad de Economía; Editorial Universidad del Rosario
Tags:
303.69; Paz; Acuerdos de paz; Conflicto armado; Conflicto armado::Colombia; Conflicto armado - Colombia
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paper description
This paper examines the theory of civil war and conflict resolution to answer the question, why peace processes fail or move forward? I will look at peace processes in Colombia in the last five years when negotiation started and then broke with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia –FARC- and began with the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia –AUC-. The theory revels the relevance of economic, political, external participation and military factor to explain why some peace processes fail while others succeed. For instance, the failure of the first peace dialogue with the left-wing guerrilla FARC can be explained by the military strategy, the role of violence during the talks and lack of international participation. By contrast, by avoiding all sensitive points of the first peace dialogue, AUC won a significant public support and the government confidence to begin talks. We have thus two recent peace processes in Colombia to analyse: one failed and one moving forward. Their analysis will help us to answer the opening question of this paper