Observatorio de salud y seguridad en el trabajo OSST - SOANDES LTDA, modelo piloto para la implementación y desarrollo

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instname:Universidad del Rosario

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Barragán Ramírez, Miguel Ángel; Meza Cantillo, Jaris de Jesús; Especialista en Salud Ocupacional
Facultad de Medicina; Universidad del Rosario
Observatorio; Salud y seguridad en el trabajo; Trabajador; Recomendaciones; 611.73; Salud ocupacional; Observatory; Health and safety at work; Worker; Recommendations; Salud laboral; Salud publica; Enfermedades laborales
thesis / dissertation description
Introduction: Having a diagnosis of the conditions in health and safety at work in the country allows to create strategies to minimize the problems of the working population. In Colombia there is the observatory of the National Institute of Health, however, it does not have, in any of its topics, information and analysis on the health and safety of the working population Objective: To determine the health conditions of the population served in the IPS, SALUD OCUPACIONAL DE LOS ANDES LDTA in the city of Bogotá, during the year 2015. Materials and methods: A pilot study of the occupational health and safety observatory was carried out in a cross-sectional study, where a database of patients evaluated at the IPS, SALUD OCUPACIONAL DE LOS ANDES LDTA, was taken from the city of Bogotá DC Which contains information on occupational medical examinations conducted in 2015 on the ISISMAWEB platform with a representative sample of 1923 records. Sociodemographic and labor variables were included, paraclinics registered as most prevalent alterations, diagnoses and opinions issued in the study population and personal recommendations given by the company’s management system. A descriptive analysis was performed and the study of the interactions was used Chi-square. Results: The information was evaluated, obtaining that 62.1% of the population were men with an average age of 34.8 years (SD 10,521). 41.5% have secondary studies The most frequent medical evaluation was the entrance exam in 30.5% of the cases. The position of plant and machine operators and assemblers represented 27.9% and ultimately the professionals in financial and administrative operations with 0.5%. The most frequent CIE 10 emitted diagnosis was with 15.8% code Z100 (Occupational Health Exam), followed by Unspecified Refractive Disorder (H527) with 9.0%. As for the general recommendations, the most recurring was a periodic review with 30%. The most frequent preventive recommendation was osteomuscular with 36.5%. The most prevalent SVE recommendations are ergonomic recommendations with 40.7%. The associations found with high statistical value (P <0.05) correspond to schooling, gender and stratum. Conclusions: Data collection mechanisms should be optimized to be more feasible for evaluation and association. There were associations between the sociodemographic variables with the position and the personal recommendations issued. There is an important subregist of second diagnoses associated with non-registration of paraclinics. This study poses a model to be followed in order to develop the nation observatory of health and safety at work.