Effect of diisocyanates on the properties and morphology of epoxy/polyurethane interpenetrating polymer networks

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Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, ISSN: 0892-7057, Vol: 26, Issue: 10, Page: 1364-1376

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http://publikace.k.utb.cz/handle/10563/1003519; http://hdl.handle.net/10563/1003519
Bakar, Mohamed Abu; Hausnerová, Berenika; Kostrzewa, Marcin
SAGE Publications; SAGE Publications Ltd.
Materials Science; Physics and Astronomy; DSC; Epoxy resin; FTIR; mechanical properties; polyurethane; SEM
article description
The present work investigates the effect of epoxy resin (EP) modification with polyurethanes (PURs) based on polyethylene glycol and two different diisocyanates: 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) and 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI). The impact strength of the material based on 15 wt% PUR with TDI was enhanced by 130%, while the critical stress intensity factor and the flexural strength of epoxy composition based on 5 wt% PUR with MDI increased by approximately 140% in comparison with unmodified EP. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the occurrence of chemical reaction between the hydroxyl groups of EP and isocyanate groups of PUR, explaining the improvement in the mechanical properties of EP. Moreover, scanning electron micrographs showed a rough surface with plastic yielding and several microcracks in the compositions containing TDI-based PUR and deformed leaf-like morphology with more elongated structure for the EP modified with MDI-based PUR. © The Author(s) 2012.