Variations of Polymer Porous Surface Structures via the Time-Sequenced Dosing of Mixed Solvents.

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ACS applied materials & interfaces, ISSN: 1944-8252, Vol: 9, Issue: 7, Page: 6472-6481

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Wrzecionko, Erik; Minařík, Antonín; Smolka, Petr; Minařík, Martin; Humpolíček, Petr; Rejmontová, Petra; Mráček, Aleš; Minaříková, Magda; Gřundělová, Lenka
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Materials Science; surface; polystyrene; pores; solvent mixture; surface tension; phase separation; wetting; cells
article description
A new approach to polystyrene surface treatment via the time-sequenced dispensing of good and poor solvent mixtures on the rotating surface of treated substrate is presented in this study. It is demonstrated that the variation of the sequencing together with other variables (e.g., temperature and solvent concentration) affects the size and depth of pores evolving on the polystyrene surface. A model of the surface pore creation, associated with the viscoelastic phase separation, surface tension, and secondary flows caused by temperature variations and the rapid evaporation of the good solvent is proposed. Experimental results of profilometric, goniometric, and optical measurements show that this approach enables the simple and quick preparation of surfaces with various numbers, diameters, and depths of individual pores, which ultimately affects not only the wetting characteristics of the surfaces but also the fate of cells cultivated there. The presented method allows the easy preparation of a large number of structured substrates for effective cell cultivation and proliferation.