Development of a catalytic model system using nitrous oxide

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WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN: 2224-3496, Vol: 14, Page: 256-262

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Beltrán-Prieto, Juan Carlos; Kolomazník, Karel
World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society
Social Sciences; Environmental Science; Energy; 1,2,3 propanotriol; Control; Dihydroxypropanal; Mathematical model; Nitrous oxide; Oxidation
article description
Currently, special attention is paid to partial oxidation of several sugar alcohols because it generates oxidation intermediate products with high utility value. In the present paper, we study the modelling of oxidation reaction of 1,2,3 propanotriol using an oxidizing agent in low concentrations. A major problem of such oxidation system is its low reactivity and high oxidation reactivity of products, As a result, the yield to a specific compound (i.e. dihydroxypropanal) depends on the ratio of rate constants of the consecutive reactions and also on the initial concentration of oxidizing agent. In this case, as the input value for the model calculations we chose a ratio of values of the specified rate constants and initial concentrations of nitrous oxide and 1,2,3-propanotriol. Accordingly, an experimental setup was proposed to follow the variation of temperature of the reaction blend after gradual addition of ammonium nitrate to a solution of 1,2,3 propanotriol, which can provide insights for the control of the chemical reactor.