Towards urban growth management in Japan: The role of public participation and citizen councils
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- http://hdl.handle.net/10613/5218; http://dx.doi.org/10.25316/IR-182
- City planning--Citizen participation; Urban policy--Japan
Imagine trying to introduce urban growth management in a context where the average farm consists of several separate plots, and where landowners have inviolable rights to develop their land. In Japan, small projects do not need development permits or infrastructure connections. Moreover, until recently, the strongly pro-growth central government refused to allow local authorities to pass strict development-control ordinances. Accordingly, haphazard urban sprawl proliferated. This article describes the efforts of a small resort community in the mountains of central Japan to use public participation and voluntary constraints on development to implement a new approach.